Diagnosing TBI (otherwise known as Traumatic Brain Injury) is something that can vary based on the symptoms of an injured individual. While those symptoms can be overly general, you have four specific things to consider when diagnosing whether the TBI case is severe or mild. Those four things are the length of loss of consciousness, an alteration of consciousness, post-traumatic amnesia and the Glasgow Coma Scale.
Determining Loss of Consciousness
Any of loss of consciousness after being hit by an object is going to indicate that there's probable traumatic brain injury involved. But being unconscious for more than half an hour or up to 24 hours can indicate moderate to severe TBI. Being unconscious for longer than that would be considered a coma, which is when TBI becomes very dangerous and potentially life-threatening.
Regardless of whether someone wakes up before 24 hours, it doesn't mean that injury won't be any less severe.
Alteration of Consciousness
An alteration to one's consciousness can mean a variety of different things. However, when someone shows a state of confusion, a lack of concentration, memory problems, speech problems or abstract thinking, you'll know the person has experienced some kind of brain trauma. If this goes on for more than 24 hours, then the diagnosis will likely be a moderate to severe case of TBI.
When PTA happens, the person experiencing a traumatic brain injury will experience some sort of memory issue. It can be so severe that they won't be able to even remember what their name is or the time. PTA usually manifests in two different ways through retrograde or anterograde amnesia. The former is the most common where the person can't remember what happened to cause the brain injury. The latter is when the person can't form new memories in the days following the accident.
According to the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association, any PTA situation going on for more than seven days will be considered a moderate to severe TBI case.
What is the Glasgow Coma Index?
The Glasgow Coma Index is a neurological numerical scale that emergency works use to determine the level of one's consciousness after a traumatic brain injury occurs. It generally works on a 15-point system in reverse. If you're at 15, you'll be diagnosed as having a very mild case of TBI. The lower you go, the more severe the situation with the lowest being a 3. And a number will only be given after a 24-hour period to better determine the person's state of mind.
Even after this diagnosis, the fight will only be beginning on dealing with the aftermath of TBI injury. If you have a family member dealing with severe brain trauma, you're going to need a good personal injury lawyer to gain the compensation your relative deserves. Consider Power & Brown, LLC as your law firm of choice. Representing Alaska, we're here to help you through the storm of serious injury caused by someone else.
Contact us so we can evaluate your TBI diagnosis. We'll weigh the evidence carefully to provide an ethical case for a fair process.